Textile Fabric

What is Fabric?

Definition of Fabric

Fabric is a flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns, or fabrics, in any combination. Textile fabrics can be produced directly from webs of fibers by bonding, fusing or interlocking to make non-woven fabric and felts, but their physical properties tend to restrict their potential end-usage.

The mechanical manipulation of yarn into fabric is the most versatile method of manufacturing textile fabrics for a wide range of end-uses.

Types of Fabric

There are three principal methods of mechanically manipulating yarn into textile fabrics:

  1. Interweaving (interlacing or interlacement): It is the intersection or interlacement of two sets of straight threads, warp(ends) and weft (picks or filling), which cross and interweave at right angles to each other. Weaving is by far the oldest and most common method of producing continuous lengths or straight-edged fabric.
  2. Interlooping: It consists of forming yarn(s) into loops, each of which is typically only released after a succeeding loop has been formed and intermeshed with it so that a secure ground loop structure is achieved.The loops are also held together by the yearn passing fro one to the next. Knitting is the most common method of inter-looping and is second only to weaving as a method of manufacturing textile products.
  3. Intertwinning: It includes a number of techniques, such as braiding and knotting, where threads are caused to intertwine with each other at right angles or some other angles. These techniques tend to produce special constructions whose uses are limited to very specific purposes.

What is Woven Fabrics?

Woven Fabrics are composed of longitudinal or warp threads and transverse or weft threads, interlaced with one another according to the class of structure and form of design that are desired.

What is Non woven fabrics?

Nonwovens are flexible, porous products consisting of one or more fiber layers. The separate fibers may either be preferentially oriented in one direction or may be deposited in a random manner. They are bonded by chemical, thermal or mechanical processes into textile products. Nonwovens are mainly planar structures.

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