In this article you will learn the basics of Textile Knitting. More in depth article will be published soon.
Definition of Textile Knitting
Knitting, in its simplest form, consists in forming loops by interlacing of a serious of lengthwise and crosswise threads. This interloping and the continuous formation of more loops into each other produce the knitted fabric structure .In machine knitting, a multiplicity of needles, needle holders and yarn feeders replace the pins, hand and fingers used in hand knitting.
So, in a nutshell, knitting is the method of creating fabric by transforming continuous strands of yarn into a serious of interlocking loops, each row of such loops handing from the one immediately preceding it.
The basic element of a knit fabric structure is the loop intermeshed with the loops adjacent to it on both sides and above and below it.
Types of Knitting
There are two types of knitting in textile world.
- Weft Knitting
- Warp Knitting
Definition of Weft Knitting
The weft knitted structure is very different from the warp knitted one. In a weft knitted structure a horizontal row of loops can be made using one thread and the thread runs in horizontal direction.
Definition of Warp Knitting
In a warp knitted structure each loop in the horizontal direction is made from a different thread and the number of threads used to produce such a fabric is at least equal to the number of loops in a horizontal row. One can say that in a warp knitted fabric, the threads run roughly in a vertical direction.
Use of Knitting
Knitting is the most common method of interloping and is second only to weaving as a method of manufacturing textile structures. it is estimated that over seven million o=tons of knitted goods are produced annually throughout the world. Although the unique capability of knitting to manufacture shaped and form -fitting articles has been utilized for centuries, modern technology has enabled knitted constructions in shaped and unshaped fabric form to expand into a wide range of apparel, domestic and industrial end-uses.
Knitted fabrics of a wide variety of types are presently envying unprecedented consumer demand. In many end-uses, where formerly woven fabrics held undisputed away, knitted cloth has taken a commanding lead, while in those end-uses where the knitted fabric traditionally has been supreme, production advanced by leaps and bounds.
To most people, knitted fabric is somewhat of an unknown quantity. Few people can distinguish it readily from woven fabrics; fewer still have any conception how it is produced.