Definition of Fiber
Fiber is the raw material which is used to make yarn. A smallest unit of textile materials usually classified by flexibility, fineness and ratio between length and diameter (L/D ratio).
Kinds of Fiber
There are several types of Textile Fiber:
- Natural Fiber. Example of Natural Fiber: Cotton
- Vegetable Fiber: Cotton, Linen and Jute etc.
- Animal Fiber: Wool, Silk, etc.
Example of synthetic or Man Made fiber:
Viscose Rayon, Plyester, Nylon, Acrylic, Polypropylene, Polyurethane etc.
Characteristics of Textile Fiber
- Cotton : Soft, very absorbent, shrinks when washed, easy to crease.
- Ramie & Linen: Compared to cotton, not soft, less absorbent, shrinks when washed, but to a less extent, easy to crease.
- Rayon: Compared to cotton, softer than cotton, equally absorbent, shrinks more than cotton, very easy to crease, has a luster like silk.
- Polyester: Compared to cotton, not soft, not absorbent at all, does not shrink in normal wash, not easy to crease.
- Wool: compared to cotton, not very soft, not absorbent. The staple is slightly crimpy which can lead to a bulky effect when finally made into a fabric. It shrinks seriously when washed in hot water. Not easy to crease.
- Nylon: Can be soft or firm dependent on the finish applied, not absorbent, does not shrink when washed, not easy to crease, very strong.
- Silk: Finer and softer than cotton, equally absorbent, shrinks more than cotton easy to crease, has a smooth surface with luster when it is made into fabric.
- Acrylic: Not soft, not absorbent, does not shrink in normal wash. The staple is slightly cimrply which can make the final product, the fabric, bulky or beefy, not easy to crease.
Textile Fiber is the single most important raw material to start with the manufacturing process. If you want to become a good Textile Engineer, you must have to know about the details of Fiber, their types and kinds, physical and chemical behaviors and industrial value.
I will discuss about these stuffs later. Share this article with your friends or comment below if you have any questions or suggestions regarding Fiber.